UPDATE: ROC United Celebrates Victory as DOL Issues Final Rule on Tipping for 'Dual Job' Workers

On October 28, 2021, the U.S Department of Labor announced publication of a final rule (Tips Dual Jobs final rule) that sets reasonable limits on the amount time an employer can take a tip credit when a tipped worker isn’t doing tip producing work. It clarifies that an employer may take a tip credit only when an employee is performing work that is part of a tipped occupation, specifically; performing work that is tip producing or performing work that directly supports work that is tip producing for a limited amount of time.  

Under the final rule, an employer can take a tip credit only when the worker is performing tip producing work or when:  

  • A tipped employee performs work that directly supports tip producing work for less than 20 percent of the hours worked during the employee’s workweek. Therefore, an employer cannot take a tip credit for any of the time that exceeds 20 percent of the workweek. Time for which an employer does not take a tip credit is excluded in calculating the 20 percent tolerance. 
  • A tipped employee performs directly supporting work for not more than  30 minutes. Therefore, an employer cannot take a tip credit for any of the time that exceeds 30 minutes. 
  • The final rule becomes effective December 28, 2021.  


This is a major victory for restaurant workers. Thank you to everyone who helped out.


The Department of Labor (DOL) announced in June a proposal to curb side work at restaurants. If implemented, restaurants will be required to pay the full minimum wage (instead of the tipped minimum wage) after 30 minutes of continuous side work, or more than 20% of the “hours worked during the employee’s workweek.”


At this time, the public comment period has ended through our site. You can still submit a comment directly through the Federal Register’s site. If you are interested in getting involved with this campaign, add your info below and we will follow up with you.




Heather Heatherson

“I spend two hours a night on average doing side work. We need less side work!” – Server from Orlando, FL

Rachel Rachelson

“Can’t believe all of this side work. Something has to change.” – Server from San Antonio, Texas

Anne Motlow

“Not only does tipped minimum wage side work add hours of essentially free labor to servers’ shifts, but it also puts pressure on overworked managers to cut staff and do the side work themselves. I have personally seen an increase in manager burnout due to this dynamic. In order to provide a fair working environment and increase staff retention, many managers end up overextending themselves. A fair side work wage would hold owners accountable and create better working conditions for all employees.”

Domonique Hayes

“America holds 100% life long luxury. Lifestyles cost 50% of a person’s life earnings. Education & family holds 25% of a persons life earnings. The last 25% goes to living expenses. Some people  don’t make 5% of living costs. There’s a difference in skilled workers & knowledgeable skilled workers. Let’s leave poverty behind and make living, luxury, for everyone.” 

Hayden Smith

“The thing with tipped minimum wage is that you always get paid that, no matter what you’re doing. Polishing glasses, rolling silverware, cleaning floors, taking out trash- $2.13 an hour. I have spent entire slow shifts moving furniture, which can be safely filed away, along with basically everything else, as “things I don’t like doing for $2 an hour.” And that’s kind of the question right? How much work would you be willing to do for $2? If the answer is “little to none,” why would you expect anyone else to answer any differently? The sub-minimum wage already allows owners to get away with not paying their employees and having guests make up the difference, but why does that extend to the parts of the shift where the guest isn’t picking up the slack?”

Matt-Fred Lapka

“At my old job, the manager would have the closing server stay on to sweep and mop floors, clean the kitchen, and wash any remaining dishes from the end of the night. This usually meant an additional 2 to 3 hours of work per night. He would even make servers clean out the grease trap. That manager later admitted to me that he was instructed by the owner to send the cooks and dishwashers home at close and make servers do the hours of cleaning because he wanted to pay the tipped minimum wage ($2.83/hour) for a couple hours instead of paying dishwashers and cooks $10 to $15/hour to do the work. We servers were never paid more than $2.83/hour. After I quit there, I did the math and realized for all the hours of cleaning and sidework I was made to do, even if I was paid only the minimum wage of $7.25/hour instead of the $2.83 for the hours that I wasn’t earning tips, that would’ve added up to over $60/week and over $3,000/year for me. That winter my gas got shut off because I got behind on the bill and owed the gas company several hundred dollars. I ended up with serious credit card debt because of it too. Not getting paid for those couple hours of sidework every night put me in a tough spot financially that I’m still dealing with years later and it seems like there’s no relief in sight.”

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This is a project of the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United – the nation’s largest restaurant worker rights’ group. To learn more about our work & victories, go to rocunited.org or follow us on the social media pages below.